Statistics on West African Immigrants in the United States
These statistics were compiled by Ciata Victor, webmaster of TLC Africa website.
At the start of this project, my goal was to determine the number of Liberians living in the United States. As through as I tried to be, I soon realized that I would only be able to collect a subset of the information on Immigration, because until the 1980s, information on Liberians entering the US, was not separated into it's own category. Although some previous statistics were not available, the 2003 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics , provided valuable information on "The Number of Liberians in the United States". At best, this is only an estimate. Immigration is fluid and numbers regarding death, relocation outside the US and other similar types of statistics were not taken into consideration for this publication.
Immigration data was evaluated and compiled from the following categories
United States Visa Classification
Prior to 1980, the primary reasons for Liberians entering the US, were Business, Pleasure, Student and Exchange Visitation, with majority of them returning at the end of their stay. After the Coup on April 12, 1980, migration of Liberians started, and new classifications were added to their immigration status including Immigrant, Asylum and Refugee.
Liberians as a separate category did not show up in the US census until 1990, when 8,797 persons listed themselves as having at least one Liberian Ancestry. By 2000, the number had almost triple to 25,575. On the question of TPS, I could only find estimates, the current estimates for the number of Liberians on TPS in 2004, was between 15,000 - 20,000.
I was able to find some statistics on Liberian Settlement and Refugees in the UK. UNHCR, estimates that by the end of 2002, 250 Liberians had been admitted into the UK as Refugees. According to the UK Home Office, 3,015 Asylum Applications were received between 1990 and 2003 from Liberian nationals, and 2,770 decisions were made.
Between 1997 and 2003, 537 Liberians had been granted British Citizens.
The number included in this publication, does not include children of Liberian immigrants, non-immigrants and Refugees, born in the United States.
Although I showed the number of Liberians listed in the 1990 and 2000 US Census, those numbers were not included in the statistics total, because a portion of their numbers would have been counted on entry into the US, and the others considered US citizens, because they were born in the US.
Remember, this is only an estimate. Thanks for visiting TLC Africa, Website, and I hope you find our website informative and this statistic useful. For questions, comments and opinions, contact Ciata by email at firstname.lastname@example.org
Statistics on Liberians in the United States
Liberians who entered the United States between 1980 - 2003
* UNHCR reports that by September 30, 2003, , 27,075 refugees had arrived in the United States, this is 11,251 more then the 16,904 number I tallied using numbers from the 2003, Immigration Year Book. If the number of refugees is adjusted to UNHCR number, the total number of Liberians in the US will be estimated at 110,589.
Statistics on the Liberian Population in the UK
Data from the UK 2001 Census showed 1,577 Liberians living in the UK, 980 males, 687 Females. 520 Liberians were granted settlement in the UK between 1998 and 2002 and 537 were granted British Citizenship between 1997 and 2003.
Grants of British Citizenship to Liberians in the UK
Statistics on Liberian Refugees Worldwide
Asylum - is a form of protection that allows individuals who are in the United States to remain here, provided that they meet the definition of a refugee and are not barred from either applying for or being granted asylum, and eventually to adjust their status to lawful permanent resident.
- Like TPS, DED is a temporary protection from removal which is granted
to aliens from a designated country. Unlike TPS, DED is designated by
the Office of the President of the United States of America, as a constitutional
power to conduct foreign relations. The Secretary of Homeland Security
can designate a country for TPS, but the President is the one to designate
DED for nationals of a particular country by Executive Order or Presidential
Memorandum. DED was first used in 1990 and has been used a total of five
DL - Discretionary Leave
EL - Exceptional Leave
HP - Humanitarian Protection
- the United States considers persons for resettlement to the U.S. as
refugees. Those admitted must be of special humanitarian concern and demonstrate
that they were persecuted, or have a well-founded fear of persecution
on account of race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership
in a particular social group.
TPS - Temporary Protected Status (TPS) is a temporary immigration status granted to eligible nationals of designated countries (or parts thereof). In 1990, as part of the Immigration Act of 1990 (IMMACT), P.L. 101-649, Congress established a procedure by which the Attorney General may provide TPS to aliens in the United States who are temporarily unable to safely return to their home country because of ongoing armed conflict, the temporary effects of an environmental disaster, or other extraordinary and temporary conditions.
USCIS - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), a component of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Immigration Statistics Page - http://uscis.gov/graphics/shared/aboutus/statistics/