Research Liberia

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Land & ResourcesNational SongsThe Grain CoastACS1980 CoupThe Civil War (1990 - 1996)Current Conflict
Links To Liberia's History

Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
PRESIDENT
Republic of Liberia

 

The Liberian Flag

The Liberia's national flag is called “LONE STAR”.

Flag Day- August 24th

The National Flag Song - The Lone Star Forever

The eleven horizontal stripes represent the eleven signers of the declaration of independence and the constitution of the Republic of Liberia.

The blue field symbolizes the continent of Africa.

The five pointed white star depicts Liberia as the first “independent republic” on the continent of Africa.

The Colors Designates:

Red - “Valor”

White -Purity

Blue - “Fidelity”.

Although these representations are uniquely Liberian, the flag is a replica of the national flag of the United States, “Old Glory”.

 

Liberia:Political Parties

Liberians are currently preparing for General Elections in October 2005. Political parties will be listed soon.

For information on those running to be Liberia's 22nd President, click here....

Learn More About Liberia

 

 

 

The love of Liberty
Brought Us Here!

All About the Flag

The Seal

The Republic of Liberia
 
 

Monrovia - Liberia's Capitol

Click on Photo for Full Image of Monrovia


Facts & Figures About Liberia

LAND AND RESOURCES

Liberia's straight, sandy coast, 560 km (350 mi) long, is broken by lagoons and mangrove swamps and gives way to a low, rolling plain about 30 km (20 mi) wide. Further inland, foothills ranging in height from 200 to 300 m (600 to 1,000 ft) are found. They become mountains in the north and east whose ranges run southwest-northeast.

High plateaus are interspersed between the ranges. In the north is Mount Wutuvi, the highest point in the country, which rises to 1,381 m (4,531).

Liberian rivers are short, flowing parallel to one another from the mountains to the ocean. The largest rivers are the Saint Paul, Saint John, and Cavalla.

Liberia is located on the West Coast of Africa. It is bordered by:

  • Sierra Leone on the West (English Speaking)

  • Guinea to the North (French Speaking)

  • Ivory Coast on the Northeast and East (English Speaking)

  • The Atlantic Ocean on the South.

  • Official Name:
    Republic of Liberia
  • Nationality: Liberian
  • Type of Government: Republic
  • Capital: Monrovia
  • Location: Western Africa
  • National Language: English
  • Area: 43,000 sq. miles (111,370 sq. km)
  • Independence:
    July 26, 1847
  • Population: 2,640,000
    (1993 estimate)
  • International Dialing code to Liberia: 231
System of Measurement:
Liberia uses both the English & Metric System

English System used by:

  • Government uses English

Metric System used by:

  • Most Businesses

  • Merchants and

  • Schools

Government

Liberia is a multiparty republic. The executive branch is headed by a president who is popularly elected for a four-year renewable term. The bicameral legislature consists of a 26-seat senate and a 64-seat house of representatives. The country has a dual legal system based on Anglo-American common law for the modern sector and customary tribal law for the indigenous sector. Administratively, Liberia is divided into 15 counties.

County - Capital
Bomi - Tubmanburg
Bong - Gbarnga
Gbarpolu - Bopolu
Grand Bassa - Buchanan
Grand Cape Mount - Robertsport
Grand Gedeh - Zwedru
Grand Kru - Barclayville
Lofa - Voinjama
Margibi - Kakata
Maryland - Harper
Montserrado - Bensonville
Nimba - Sanniquellie
Rivercess - Rivercess
River Gee - Fish Town
Sinoe - Greenville

In 1984, Bomi territory was promoted to county, thus splitting it from Montserrado county. In 1984 Grand Kru county split from Maryland county. In 1985 Margibi county split from Montserrado county and Rivercess territory was promoted to county, thus splitting it from Grand Bassa county.

Climate

Liberia's tropical climate is hot and humid. Average temperatures range from 17 deg C (63 deg F) to 31 deg C (87 deg F). Annual rainfall, as much as 4,500 mm (177 in) at the coast, gradually decreases inland to 1,750 mm (69 in). The monsoonal rainy season occurs between May and October. A dusty winter wind, the Harmattan, blows during December.

Resources

Liberia's vast timber resources include over 90 commercially exploitable species. Mineral resources include substantial deposits of iron ore, diamonds, and gold.

  • Rubber
  • Iron Ore
  • Diamonds
  • Gold
  • Timber
  • People
Foreign Ministers of Liberia
  • 1912 - 1920 Charles King (b. 1875 - d. 1961)
  • 1920 - 1930 Edwin J. Barclay (b. 1882 - d. 1955)
  • 1930 - 1934 Louis Arthur Grimes (b. 1883 - d. 1948)
  • 1934 - 1943 Clarence Lorenzo Simpson (b. 1896 - d. 1969)
  • 1944 - 1953 Gabriel Lafayette Dennis (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
  • 1954 - 1960 Momolu Dukuly (acting to 1955) (b. 1903 - d. 1980)
  • 1960 - 1972 Joseph Rudolph Grimes (b. 1923)
  • 1972 - 1973 Rocheforte Lafayette Weeks (b. 1923 - d. 1986)
  • 1973 - 1980 Charles Cecil Dennis (b. 1931 - d. 1980)
  • 1980 - 1981 Gabriel Bacchus Matthews (1st time) (b. 1948)
  • 1981 - 1983 Henry Boimah Fahnbulleh (b. 1949)
  • 1983 - 1986 Ernest Eastman (b. 1933)
  • 1986 - 1987 John Bernard Blamo (b. 1935)
  • 1987 - 1990 J. Rudolph Johnson (b. 1938)
  • 1990 - 1993 Gabriel Bacchus Matthews (2nd time) (s.a.)
  • 1993 - 1994 Momolu Sirleaf (1st time)
  • 1994 - 1995 Dorothy Musuleng-Cooper (f) (b. 1930)
  • 1995 - 1996 Momolu Sirleaf (2nd time)
  • 1996 - Monie Captan (b. 1962)
  • 2002 - Thomas Yaya Nimely - Transitional Government
  • 2006 - George W. Wallace, Jr

Maps

 

Research Pages

11B  2  34  5Home
 

 

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National Songs

The Liberian National Anthem 

Lyrics: Daniel Bashiel Warner, 1847
Music: Olmstead Luca (1826-1869)

Words to the Song

All hail, Liberia, hail!

(repeat)

This glorious land of liberty
Shall long be ours.
Though new her name,
Green be her fame,
And mighty be her powers,

(repeat)

In joy and gladness
With our hearts united,
We'll shout the freedom
Of a race benighted,
Long live Liberia, happy land!
A home of glorious liberty,
By God's command!

(repeat last two sentences)

All hail, Liberia, hail!

(repeat)

In union strong success is sure
We cannot fail!
With God above
Our rights to prove
We will o'er all prevail,

(repeat)

With heart and hand
Our country's cause defending
We'll meet the foe
With valour unpretending.
Long live Liberia, happy land!
A home of glorious liberty,
By God's command!

(repeat last two sentences)


Lone Star Forever

Words to the Song

When freedom raised her glowing form on Montserrado's verdant height,

She set within the doom of night, 'midst low ring stars and thunderstorms the star of liberty - and seizing from the waking morn, its burnished shield of golden flame she lifted in her proud name and raise a people long forlorn to noble destiny

REFRAIN

The Lone Star forever!

The Lone Star forever!

O long may it float over land and over sea.

Desert it, no never! Uphold it, forever! O shout for the Lone Star banner,

All hail.


The Grain Coast of Africa

Grain Coast, West Africa, is the former name of a part of the Atlantic coast that is roughly identical with the coast of modern Liberia.

The area became known as the Grain Coast in the 15th century because of its  “grains of paradise,”  seeds of the melegueta pepper which became a major export item and  hence the name Grain Coast was associated with the area.

The first American colonists settled on the Grain Coast of Africa in 1822. The settlers considered calling the settlement "Christopolis" to pay homage to the religious roots of their colonization effort. They decided on "Liberia" because they came in search of liberty. The capitol city was named Monrovia in honor of the man who financed the exploration - President James Monroe.

Learn more about the Republic of Liberia.....

 

The American Colonization Society The Founders of Current Day Liberia

American Colonization Society, organized Dec., 1816–Jan., 1817, at Washington, D.C., to transport free blacks from the United States and settle them in Africa. The freeing of many slaves, principally by idealists, created a serious problem in that no sound provisions were made for establishing them in society on an equal basis with white Americans anywhere in the United States. Robert Finley, principal founder of the colonization society, found much support among prominent men, notably Henry Clay.

Money was raised—with some indirect help from the federal government when (1819) Congress appropriated $100,000 for returning to Africa blacks illegally brought to the United States. In 1821 an agent, Eli Ayres, and Lt. R. F. Stockton of the U.S. Navy purchased land in Africa, where subsequently Jehudi Ashmun and Ralph R. Gurley laid the foundations of Liberia.

The colonization movement came under the bitter attack of the abolitionists, who charged that in the South it strengthened slavery by removing the free blacks. The blacks themselves were not enthusiastic about abandoning their native land for the African coast. The colonization society, with its associated state organizations, declined after 1840. More than 11,000 blacks were transported to Liberia before 1860.

From 1865 until its dissolution in 1912, the society was a sort of trustee for Liberia.