- Nimba Mountains (Mount Wuteve
with 1.380 m at Yekepa is the biggest mountain in Liberia
- Wologisi Mountain is the 2nd
Other smaller mountain ranges in
Mount Nimba is a 1 mile high iron
ore mountain with the highest grade iron deposit in the world. It
is also the location of important minerals. Iron ore mining on Mount
Nimba accounts for approximately 1 per cent of the world production,
currently set at around 900 million tons.
More than 200
species of plant and animal are unique to the Mount Nimba Reserve.
Species diversity is exceptionally rich because of the variety of
ecosystems created by the presence of grasslands laced with forest.
mountain is part of a chain extending in a southwest–northeast
direction along the Guinea–Côte d'Ivoire–Liberia border.
its highest elevation at Mount Nimba (5,748 feet [1,752 m]) in
Guinea. Surrounded by lowland rain forest to the south and
savanna to the north, the mountains are the source of the Nuon
(Nipoué, Cestos) and Cavalla rivers, which form the
Liberia–Côte d'Ivoire boundary and the Ya river in Yekepa.
A view of
Nimba mountain from the Ivory Coast Section
Nimba Mountain is situated at the intersection
of Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea and Liberia.
Mount Nimba rises abruptly
1,000 m above its even, almost flat, surrounding glacis. The
dissected topography gives rise to a variety of local climatic
conditions and vegetation types, from rain forests to diverse
savanna-type systems and high altitude grasslands.
There is great topographical
diversity, with valleys, plateau, rounded hilltops, rocky peaks,
abrupt cliffs and bare granite blocks. The whole area constitutes a
vast water way that is of archaeological interest.
Plants and Animals of Nimba
- In traditional
African medicine, a tea made from the powdered bark of a tall
evergreen tree (Pygeum africanum)is sipped to control
urinary disorders in men. Today, pygeum is a popular herbal
supplement in several parts of the world for benign prostatic
hyperplasia (BPH), an enlargement of the prostate gland that can
cause urination problems. This harmless condition affects most men
over age 50, commonly causing urinary problems. (Source)
A View of
Nimba Mountain from Liberia
habitats of Mount Nimba include:
- High altitude grassland
with Loudetia kagerensis near the summit, endemics
including Blaeria nimbana and Dolichos nimbaensis and
woody plants such as Protea
angolensis (mountain sugarbush), on the slopes.
- Plains savanna varying
according to the hardness of the soil and supporting
numerous herbaceous plant communities.
- gallery forests which grow
between 1,000m-1,600m. Parinari excelsa is dominant
above 1,000m, and there are abundant epiphytes.
- Predominantly primary
forest, located mainly on the foothills and in the
valleys, with dominant species including Triplochiton
scleroxylon, Chlorophora regia, Morus mesozygia,
Terminalia ivorensis, Lophira procera, Tarrietia utilis,
and Mapania spp.
- Drier, mid-altitude forests
with trees such as Triplochiton scleroxylon, Piptadeniastrum
africanum, and Parkia
bicolor are found at the northern end of the Mount
- You can also find
chimpanzees in the forest of the Nimba Mountain that use
stones as tools.
bicolor - is used for medicine & wood in Liberia and
throughout West Africa
Chimpanzees - live in a
wide variety of habitats, from humid evergreen forests through to
mosaic woodlands and deciduous forest to dry savanna woodlands.
Chimpanzee has a wide but discontinuous distribution in Equatorial
Africa between 13°N and 7°S. The western subspecies, P. t. verus,
once occurred from southern Senegal eastwards as far as the Niger
River in Central Nigeria, and could be found in all or part of 13
countries. The largest population now remains in Côte d'Ivoire,
with smaller populations in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. Only
relict populations are found in Mali, Ghana and Senegal and it is
extinct in the wild in six countries (Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Burkina
Faso, Togo, Benin, and western Nigeria). It is the most threatened
subspecies of Chimpanzee.
The viviparous toad -
One of the most intriguing species is
a viviparous toad, the only amphibian in the world to give birth to
fully developed baby toads. They can be found in the
grasslands at 1,200-1,600 m and is the world’s only known
tail-less amphibian that is totally viviparous.