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West Africa

Ghana Kakum National Park

"Located 12 miles north of the seaside town of Cape Coast in Ghana's Central Region, Kakum National Park and the adjacent Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve cover approximately 135 square miles of tropical moist forest.

The Kakum Canopy Walkway, the only one of its kind in Africa, will lead you through the tree-tops, offering a unique and spectacular view of the rainforest ecosystem."

Liberia's Sapo National Park

Liberia’s high forest and rivers contain a large variety of wildlife. Common among the wildlife in Liberia are: elephants, monkeys, buffaloes, antelopes, duikers, crocodiles, groundhogs, honey badgers, tortoises, mongooses and several predators of the leopard group.

There are 15 species of snake, including water snakes, mambas, cobras, vipers and the mighty python. The pigmy hippopotamus, found only in Liberia, and they are still far away from extinction.

Nigeria Yankari National Park

The Yankari National Park is about the only remnant of wildlife left in Nigeria. Yankari is located about 225km east of the Nigerian city of Jos, and about 80km from the nearest town. The park covers an area of 2,244 square kilometers, and is one of the better game parks in West Africa. It is open to visitors from 1 November to 30 June.

Some of the wildlife found in the park includes the elephant, bush buck, horned waterbuck, buffalo, hippo, lion, monkey, wart hog, crocodile and baboon. With about 550 elephants, this park has the largest elephant population in West Africa. However, sighting the animals is not so easy, as the vegetation in the area is quite dense. The best time to view the animals is late February to late April.

Southern Africa

South Africa National Parks & Game Reserves


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CDC Health Information for Travelers to West Africa

Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde islands, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

What you need to know before going to Africa

Protecting yourself from mosquito bites is the best protection against malaria and yellow fever.

Some mosquitoes are most active in twilight periods at dawn and dusk or in the evening. Avoidance of outdoor activity during these periods may reduce risk of exposure. Wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and hats will minimize areas of exposed skin. Shirts should be tucked in. Repellents applied to clothing, shoes, tents, mosquito nets, and other gear will enhance protection.

When accommodations are not adequately screened or air-conditioned, bed nets are essential to provide protection and comfort. Bed nets should be tucked under mattresses and can be sprayed with repellent. Aerosol insecticides and mosquito coils may help to clear rooms of mosquitoes; however, some coils contain DDT and should be used with caution.

How to avoid malaria in Africa

Malaria is a potentially fatal illness for visitors to tropical and subtropical Africa, where it is transmitted by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito.

Over 80% of the world's cases of malaria occur in sub-Saharan Africa, where over one million people die from the disease each year.

Here's How:

  1. Visit your Health Care Provider at least 4-6 weeks before leaving for Africa.
  1. Explain that you'll be visiting Africa and will require anti-malarial medication.
  1. Once you've bought the anti-malarial medication, you'll need to begin using it - as directed by your Health Care Provider - at least a week before leaving for Africa.
  1. Wear clothing to conceal as much of your body as practical, to prevent mosquito bites.
  1. Use a spray-on or roll-on insect repellent containing di-ethyl toluamide, also known as DEET.
  1. Sleep under the mosquito net which will have been provided for you.
  1. Before retiring for the night, spray the room with a suitable pyrethroid-containing insecticide.
  1. Consider burning a mosquito coil during the night. Mosquito coils are insecticide-laden and burn slowly for up to 8 hours, releasing smoke which will kill all mosquitos in the room.
  2. Avoid going outside after dark: mosquitos are active from dusk to dawn.
  1. If possible, allow a fan to blow over you as you sleep. This will prevent mosquitos from finding you, which they do by detecting the carbon dioxide you exhale.
  1. As mosquitos are attracted to lights, avoid leaving lights on at night.
  1. Close all doors and windows at night.
  1. Don't forget to continue taking the anti-malarial tablets for four weeks after you leave the malarious area.
  1. After visiting a malarious area, monitor yourself and your children for malarial symptoms, which include body aches, tiredness, headaches, a sore throat, diarrhoea, and fever.
  1. Malarial symptoms are rarely dramatic, and are often mistaken for influenza.
  1. Take antimalarial medication exactly on schedule without missing doses.

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Liberia Travel Facts

Rainy Seasons: 

May to October (rainy season. Heavy downpours for hours and many times days.... Bring plenty of rain gear)

Passport and Visa:

Required, but NOT by the following:

  • (1) Holders of an official travel order issued to members of the United States Armed Forces
  • (2) Holders of United Nations Laissez-Passer
  • (3) Holders of a valid Seaman Book traveling on duty.

Passport validity :

Passport must be valid 6 months from date of entry.

Visas :

Required, but NOT by the following :

(1) Nationals of Liberia

(2) Nationals of:

  • Benin,
  • Burkina Faso,
  • Cape Verde,
  • Cote d,Ivoire,
  • Gambia,
  • Ghana,
  • Guinea,
  • Guinea-Bissau,
  • Korea (South),
  • Mali,
  • Mauritania,
  • Niger,
  • Nigeria,
  • Senegal,
  • Sierra Leone &
  • Togo.

(3) Holders of diplomatic or official passport accredited to Liberia.

(4) Holders of a re-entry permit.

Notes: (1) Visitors wishing to stay for more than 15 days must report to the immigration Office, Broad Street, Monrovia within 48 hours of arrival. Two passport-size photographs are required.

Recommended Immunization:

Diphtheria, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, malaria, meningitis, polio, TB, tetanus, typhoid. Recommended in some circumstances, seek further advice.

Compulsory Vaccination: 

Yellow fever certificate required by all. Exempt infants under 1 year.


East Africa

Kenya's National Parks and Reserves

Descriptions of parks and game reserves. Includes information on recreational activities, wildlife, birding opportunities and more.